The book is unusual, thought provoking and definitely worth reading.
One of the themes the book examines that struck me the most, was what Gladwell calls the 10,000 hour rule.
Rather than reinvent the wheel here is an excellent summary I found on the web.
The idea that excellence at performing a complex task requires a critical minimum level of practice surfaces again and again in studies of expertise. In fact, researchers have settled on what they believe is the magic number for true expertise: ten thousand hours.
Even Mozart, the greatest musical prodigy of all time, couldn’t hit his stride until he had his ten thousand hours in. Practice isn’t the thing that you do once you’re good. It’s the thing you do that makes you good.
The other interesting thing about those ten thousand hours, of course, is that ten thousand is an enormous amount of time. It’s all but impossible to reach that number all by yourself by the time you’re a young adult. You have to have parents who encourage, guide and support you. You can’t be poor, because if you have to hold down a part-time job on the side to help make ends meet, there won’t be time left in the day to practice enough. In fact, most people can reach that number only if they get into some kind of special program, or if they get some kind of extraordinary opportunity that gives them a chance to put in those hours.
Is the ten-thousand-hour rule a general rule of success? If we scratch below the surface of every great achiever, do we always find the equivalent of the Michigan Computer Center or the hockey all-star team – some sort of special opportunity for success?
Let’s see the idea with two examples: the Beatles, one of the most famous rock band ever and Bill Gates, one of the world’s richest men. What truly distinguish their histories are not their extraordinary opportunities. The Beatles, for the most random of reasons, got invited to go to Hamburg. Without Hamburg, the Beatles might well have taken a different path. “I was very lucky,” Bill Gates said at the beginning of an interview. That doesn’t mean he isn’t brilliant or an extraordinary entrepreneur. It just means that he understands what incredible good fortune it was to be at Lakeside in 1968.
These outliers were the beneficiaries of some kind of unusual opportunity. Lucky breaks don’t seem like the exception with software billionaires, rock bands and star athletes. They seem to be like the rule. http://www.bizsum.com/2page/b_Outliers.php
So there you have it. Assuming you’re working at something around 20 hours a week for 10 years (which is roughly 10,000 hours) you will more than likely be an “expert”. So for the professional accountant, lawyer or adviser you really don’t know what you’re doing until your early 30’s.
Controversial or what?! 🙂
See you next post (I hope)